Last week 41 (October 10 to 14) ended with rains and gusty winds that hit the central and southern regions (V to IX), which spread in the central zone until last Tuesday. Some damages were reported associated to the wind and its effect on the fall of flowers, which is being evaluated to determine its magnitude.
This climatic phenomenon, although of low impact on the total volume exported by Chile this season, would result in a lower export forecast during this week (42), from the Metropolitan Region and V Region that are active in crops. In the case of fallen flowers of the later areas, the incidence is much lower and is expected compensation through greater fruit size.
The decline in exports this week, will be around 30% than projected in these regions, this is about 210 ton, instead of expected 300 ton. The decline was due both to the problems of rain in the difficulty to enter the fields, such as a slower ripening of fruits by decreasing temperatures.
The activity has fully resumed on Wednesday 19 of October and according to long-term weather forecasts no episodes of rains are expected at least in the next 15 days in the central zone of Chile, which will move towards the period of increased export volumes without climatic setbacks.
In terms of accumulated volumes to date, they are still progressing normally but higher than last season that was delayed, although the gap is shortened. Until week 41 there was a total of 661 tons exported this season, 142% more than in 2015/16. In the last week (41), the outputs to the US begin to take more relevance and lead the market shipments.
The North Zone is progressing normally, while the season in the Central Zone is starting. Rain and winds were the tone of last week, mainly from the Central Zone to the south. Some damage have been reported, mainly associated to the fall of flowers, the impact is being evaluated.
North Zone (IV-V regions)
The harvest is progressing normally. In Vicuña the progress is close to 40% with varieties such as Jewel and Star. Quillota is incorporating this week.
Central Zone (Metropolitan-VI regions)
Curacavi season began this week. The harvest progresses slow due to low temperatures. Rains were recorded the past weekend in central zone and wind in some sectors. Damage is being evaluated.
South-Central Zone (VII-VIII regions)
The last week rains and gusty winds were registered in this area, causing the fall of flowers. Some orchards were affected and the damage is being assessed. As for the advancement of phenological stages, Duke and O'Neal are in fruit set while Legacy and Brigitta are in Bloom, the last is almost finished.
South Zone (IX-X-XIV regions)
The South Zone is progressing normally but slower these last weeks due to the rain and colder weather. Legacy is in fruit set, Brigitta is just beginning. The other varieties are in bloom.
On Thursday, the sky will remain with little cloud cover throughout the stretch, varying to partial cloudiness between the regions of Coquimbo and O'Higgins during the course of the day. From Friday, abundant clouds will cover the sky from the Coquimbo Region to south, shall prevail during the Saturday and Sunday.
As for precipitation, from Monday to Tuesday rainfall are projected between the regions of Valparaiso and Los Lagos. Following this, the premountain from Valparaiso Region to the south will be affected by instability coming from Argentine , which could result in thunderstorms. From Sunday, a new frontal system will approach towards the south, which could bring rainfall from the Maule region to the south.
In the thermal field, temperatures would fluctuate around normal in the section of interest, except on Wednesday, where probably temperatures will be presented under the normal, in the inside of the stretch from Valparaiso Region to the south.
Source: Chilean Weather Bureau (DMC)